Monday, 4 June 2018

Sturmpanzerwagen A7V 563 'Wotan', Part 1

In the Christopher Nolan film 'Inception', ideas or images implanted in dreams carry a weight that can't be ignored, shaping and influencing the future waking lives of characters.

It's no stretch to say that this was the sort of impact that the first model magazine that I ever bought,  the May 1981 issue of Military Modelling, had on me. On top of the striking cover artwork by the late Richard Scollins, the issue had a build review of a model tank kit from a new manufacturer that seemed weirdly exotic and very different from all the World War 2 tank models that I'd been spending my pocket money and weekends on up until then.  The fact that 'Mephisto', the sole surviving A7V, wound up here in Australia also amazed me.

I had a standing order for Military Modelling magazine for many years from then on, and still refer to my old back issues.

The kit was the Tauro A7V, in 1/35 scale, and in the early 1990s I got my hands on that kit, plus the Hundleby and Strasheim book, and eagerly sat down to build the model.
I soon found that the Tauro model left much to be desired.... It had indy track links way before its time, but they were made from some strange vinyl material. The kit had an interior,  though it didn't  match the one in the real tank. Most obviously to me, the mounts for the six MG08 machine-guns were grossly over-simplified. The partially assembled model went back in the box to lie dormant.

Then in late 2014 I decided to have another go at the project. Sculpting wargaming figures had expanded my ability to create and animate figures, and photos of A7V tanks with their crew standing or sitting around the vehicle rekindled the idea of updating and detailing the model, as well as sculpting the crew. 

Tauro's A7V has structural inaccuracies that are difficult to fix. The sides of the armour plates are too steep, and so the roof area is too wide. The overall length of each bogie is too long, so to compensate Tauro have made the idler and sprocket wheels narrower in diameter than they should be. In short, I knew that I could super-detail the model, but amending all of the structural issues was going to be too much trouble.

Constant checking and re-checking of photos has been the norm during construction and detailing. Each of the main phases - the interior and weapons, the exterior and running gear, and the crew figures, has challenged and stretched my modelling skills.

I was well aware that soon after I started the project, the probability of a new A7V model being released was very high, especially as kits had started to appear on the centenary of the start of World War 1. The Meng A7V duly appeared, and I thought of it as a useful addition to my research material, as well as potential parts that could find their way into my model.

Below are the various 1/35 plastic A7V kits, past and present. The two Tauro kits from 1981 have different box art and decals, but the plastic is the same in each kit.
The Meng kits from 2015 are in the bottom row. The kit on the bottom right includes a resin engine (or more properly two engines).

'Mephisto' by Mark Whitmore includes excellent scale plans. This book is now difficult to find and it would be great if the Queensland Museum would print another edition. 
Another must have is the Tankograd 'Sturmpanzer A7V' book. It's absolutely packed with useful photos and information about each specific A7V. The authors are Strasheim and Hundleby. The only downside is that the scale plans unfortunately contain errors. 
Next is Hundleby and Strasheim's  'The German A7V Tank', the cornerstone of A7V scholarship!
Stephen Zaloga's 'German Panzers 1914-18' from Osprey Publishing and the landscape format 'German Tanks in World War 1' from Schiffer came in very handy too. Authors of this last book are Strasheim and Schneider.

Tools and materials for this model. Styrene strip, rod, tube and sheet. Calipers, 15cm ruler, tweezers. Micro Punch and Die set and hammer, the internal bolt detail was made using these. The Masterclub resin bolts are amazing, most of he external detailing was done with these. I use a snap-off blade knife, though my preferred blades have a more acute point than the usual type. I get these replacement blades from the art store.

    Work began with the floor. The diamond shaped tread plate is a Scale Link product.

A very basic representation of the dual engine was installed under the driving compartment.
Interior detailing took on a life of it's own. I had often wondered why modellers put so much work into interiors that would end up almost invisible, but I found myself doing that very thing. I find it hugely satisfying to research and reproduce these details. The driver and commander's seats were also built from scratch. The main gun ammo bin was adapted from the kit part.

I built the 57mm gun with gunner's seat from scratch, though I ended up using the Aber barrel (designed for the Meng kit).

My radiator with the Meng radiator below. The mesh is from a broken coffee plunger. It's detailed with Meng plastic bolts.

Using a round burr in a Dremel tool, I reduced the armour thickness around the doors, small hatches and machine-gun openings. The MG openings are way too big, so laminated plastic sheet was used to get them down to the correct size.

I built some of the components of the MG08 swivel mounts from scratch and had them custom cast by Eureka Miniatures. These were further detailed with plastic bolts and disks. Sheet styrene and punched-out styrene bolts detail the MG openings. Above each position is a fire/cease fire indicator.

Tamiya Kar 98 rifles with slings added from thick foil (from the top of a Milo tin) or Tamiya tape.

I used modified Besa MG flash hiders from RB Models to enhance the machine-guns. I detailed these well before the Meng kit and therefore any aftermarket parts for the A7V had been released. 
Each gun also has an asymmetrical armoured cover over the front of its water jacket, which I fashioned from my usual sculpting mix - standard yellow-grey Milliput mixed with Green Stuff.

Since the late war WW1 ammo boxes used for the 7.92 MG 08 machine-guns are identical to the WW2 German ammo boxes, I was able to use these Griffon PE pieces. I don't have heaps of experience with PE, but used a PE bending tool for the fiddly job of folding them up. The water condensation cans are heavily altered pieces from Tamiya. They started out as MG 34 ammo boxes. 

There are four tall and two short machine-gunner's seats. I ended up pinching most of them from Meng's kit, but left one of each unbuilt in the Meng box, in case I needed patterns to model more from; so in the end I only had to build two seats from scratch. 
I reasoned that instead of comfy pillows perhaps folded army blankets may have been used to make the seats more comfortable, so I made these out of my sculpting mix.

Here all the seats have been painted and lightly weathered.

With construction and detailing of the major interior components and machine-gun fixtures done, painting could commence, leading up to attaching the four armoured sides to the chassis/floor.

The tank has just been glued together. The interior faces of the armour plates were each painted and weathered before being brought together. Bare plastic in each corner (here visible in the rear right corner) would be covered with bolted framework.

Exterior detailing will be covered in a future post, but here can be seen the interior of the A7V cupola. This is all built from scratch, with stacks of punched-out bolts for detail.

The compass in the roof was built from some plastic scrap and was based on the one in the Meng model. I went a little nuts and added the cardinal points using the tiny labels from decal sheets. The letters are still probably oversize but I don't think the compass will be visible once the model is assembled.

The model will depict vehicle 563 'Wotan' during summer exercises in 1918. The tank had seen limited combat, so while I wanted the weathering to be visible I didn't want the interior to be filled with dirt and grime. Great War tanks were notoriously noxious places to work, so it's very possible that even a relatively new vehicle could be quite dirty, but this is where I've settled. I may add a toolbox and maybe a broom, but we'll see.

Bye for now!

Wednesday, 4 April 2018

Modern Afghan Bikes.

New additions to Eureka Miniatures' 28mm Afghan Guerilla and Middle-Eastern civilian ranges are on their way.

Here are some shots of the militants that I recently sculpted (and just painted!) atop the 1980's style dirt-bike that I also mastered. As well as the armed guerillas, there is also a lookout (or 'dicker' in military slang) talking into a phone.

Alan Marsh sculpted the wonderful Afghan families, each balanced on a single bike, and also sculpted the Muslim civilian figures that I painted for this post.

The 28mm Afghan range is pretty complete now. There is also a Dshka on a ground-mount, as well as one or two other figures that I didn't get around to painting, but should be in the Eureka web-store soon.

Bye for now!

Thursday, 11 January 2018

28mm Papuan Infantry, now with paint (and a Bren gun)

In my previous post I shared photos of the Papuan Battalion infantry figures that I'd just sculpted.
Here are some of those miniatures painted up, plus a painted Bren team that I made to round out the set. I adapted my usual skin-painting technique (detailed here ) for these figures, which will be on display at the Eureka Miniatures stand at Cancon later this month.

I thoroughly enjoyed researching and sculpting these, and I'm really pleased with the final result.

Finally, Happy New Year to everyone reading and following the blog, and all the best for 2018.


Sunday, 8 October 2017

28mm Papuan Infantry Battalion troops

In addition to sculpting the Australian troops featured in my last post, it was always my intention to sculpt some Papua New Guinean soldiers for Eureka Miniatures' 28mm World War Two range.

I had come across a short but excellent article in Wartime magazine and also found a few useful photos in books and magazines that I had on my shelves. A few quick image searches online and I had plenty of info and perhaps more importantly, inspiration to make a set of figures a reality.

During World War Two Papua New Guineans became famous for the invaluable role they played supporting Australian troops in the fight against Japanese forces. No fighting force can function without supplies, so the muscle power that Papuans used as bearers, to transport supplies through, up and over the brutal terrain of New Guinea was all-important.
It is, however, as stretcher bearers who assisted and transported wounded Australians that these men are better remembered. They were affectionately known as the 'Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels' by Australian soldiers who they carried from the battlefield back to first aid posts and transported to field hospitals.

Less well-known are the troops of the Papuan Infantry Battalions, six battalions of which had been raised and trained by war's end. They scouted Japanese positions and set up ambushes, but also guarded rear-areas and landing strips. 

Find below images of ten figures I have constructed using a set of dollies that I'd made. For the uninitiated, dollies are a sort of blank or basic figure figure that is used to create a number of poses, so that the sculptor is not starting from scratch for every figure. 

Also below are some photos from 'Khaki and Green' which was an Australian government publication from the period, plus another neat photo of some Papuan men wearing helmets. Note the photo of the Papuans receiving instruction in the use of a Bren gun; the men are wearing Australian Army style identity disks, something I'd not seen in other photos of Papuan infantry. The figures I've sculpted do not have identity disks, but I will add a Bren team to the set before release. The white metal areas of the figures have not photographed so well, but hopefully you'll get a good idea of what the finished figures will look like. No release date on these yet!